Skip to content

Click on each book below to review & buy on Amazon.

As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

LPI Linux Essentials Exam 010-160 - Topic 1.2 - Web Servers

A web server is responsible for serving web content to users' web browsers. It acts as an intermediary between client devices (web browsers) and web applications or websites hosted on remote servers. Web servers deliver web pages, multimedia content, and dynamic data to users across the world.

Web Server Roles

  • Handling Client Requests: When a user's web browser requests a web page by entering a URL or clicking a link, it initiates a connection to the web server hosting that page. The web server processes the request and sends back the requested content to the client.
  • Content Delivery: Web servers are responsible for delivering various types of content, including HTML documents, images, videos, stylesheets, and scripts. They ensure that the requested resources are transmitted efficiently to the client.
  • Protocols and Communication: Web servers use communication protocols to interact with web browsers. The primary protocol used is HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), which defines how data is exchanged between the client and server. HTTPS (HTTP Secure) is a secure variant of HTTP that encrypts data for secure transport.

Static vs. Dynamic Content

Web servers handle both static and dynamic content:

  • Static Content: Static content includes files like HTML pages, images, stylesheets, and JavaScript files that don't change frequently. Web servers efficiently serve these files directly to the client.
  • Dynamic Content: Dynamic content is generated on the server-side in response to user requests. It can be personalized and may involve database queries or complex processing. Technologies like PHP, Python, Ruby, and Node.js are often used to create dynamic web applications. The web server communicates with application servers to process and serve dynamic content.

Scaling and Load Balancing

To handle increasing traffic and ensure high availability, web servers can be configured to work in tandem with load balancers. Load balancing distributes incoming requests among multiple web server instances, improving performance and redundancy.

Security Considerations

Web servers must be configured securely to protect against various threats, including DDoS attacks, SQL injection, and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. Regular security updates and best practices are essential for maintaining a secure web server environment.

Common Web Server Software

Three commonly used web server software found on Linux systems include; Apache HTTP Server, Nginx, and Lighttpd.

Apache HTTP Server

Apache HTTP Server is known for its versatility and modularity. It offers a wide range of modules that can be added or removed to customize its functionality. Apache's extensive configuration options make it adaptable to various use cases, and it can run on multiple operating systems, including Linux, Unix, and Windows. It's suitable for serving static content, hosting dynamic websites, and acting as a reverse proxy server.


Nginx often pronounced as "engine-x," is recognized for its exceptional performance and efficiency. It is designed to handle a large number of concurrent connections efficiently, making it an excellent choice for high-traffic websites. Nginx is often used as a reverse proxy server, a load balancer, or for serving static content. It excels in scenarios where high concurrency and speed are crucial.

Lighttpd (Lighty)

Lighttpd is a lightweight web server renowned for its low resource usage. It consumes minimal system resources, making it ideal for environments with limited hardware. Lighttpd offers FastCGI support for efficient handling of dynamic content and is known for its security features. It is commonly used to serve static content efficiently, making it a preferred option when resource efficiency and speed are essential considerations.

Support DTV Linux

Click on each book below to review & buy on Amazon. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

NordVPN ®: Elevate your online privacy and security. Grab our Special Offer to safeguard your data on public Wi-Fi and secure your devices. I may earn a commission on purchases made through this link.