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LPI Linux Essentials Exam 010-160 - Topic 1.1 - Raspberry Pi & Raspberry Pi OS (Previously Raspbian)

The Raspberry Pi, a pocket-sized computer with an affordable price tag, has garnered attention not only for its ability to function as a fully-fledged desktop PC but also for its utility within embedded Linux systems. Originally known as Raspbian, the operating system now goes by the name Raspberry Pi OS, reflecting the evolution of this remarkable device.

Raspberry Pi Foundation

Developed by the Raspberry Pi Foundation, an educational charity based in the UK, this innovative tool serves a dual purpose. First and foremost, it aims to empower young minds by teaching programming skills and fostering an understanding of computer functionality. Secondly, it can be harnessed to execute customized tasks or functions as part of more intricate systems.

Key Features


One of the standout features of the Raspberry Pi is its array of General Purpose Input-Output (GPIO) pins, which enable the connection of electronic devices and expansion boards. This feature transforms the Raspberry Pi into a versatile platform for hardware development. While its initial intent was educational, the Raspberry Pi has found its way into a plethora of DIY projects and industrial prototypes, particularly in the realm of embedded systems development.

ARM Processors

Under the hood, the Raspberry Pi relies on ARM processors, which provide a balance between performance and energy efficiency. This architecture is well-suited for a wide range of computing tasks.

Operating System

The Raspberry Pi does not contain a built-in hard disk, so the operating system is booted from an SD memory card. Raspberry Pi OS (formerly Raspbian) is the most well-known Linux distribution for this platform. It belongs to the Debian distribution family and is customized to maximize the potential of Raspberry Pi hardware. With an extensive repository of over 35,000 packages optimized for this environment, it provides a stable and versatile computing environment.


Beyond educational purposes, Raspberry Pi devices are deployed in diverse applications, including:

  • DIY Projects: Enthusiasts and makers have harnessed the Raspberry Pi's capabilities for projects ranging from home automation to retro gaming consoles.
  • Industrial Prototyping: In the field of industrial automation and embedded systems development, Raspberry Pi devices serve as cost-effective and powerful prototypes.
  • Media Centers: Linux distributions like Kodi can turn the Raspberry Pi into a media center, facilitating seamless streaming and multimedia playback.

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