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CompTIA Linux+ XK0-005 - 4.2 - Network Configuration Issues: Routing

In a networked environment, routing plays a crucial role in directing network traffic between different networks or subnets. Understanding network routing and being able to troubleshoot routing issues are essential skills for Linux system administrators. This guide aims to provide an overview of routing concepts and common troubleshooting techniques to help you analyze and troubleshoot network configuration issues related to routing.


Routing involves determining the best path for network packets to reach their destination. It requires configuring routing tables, gateways, and network interfaces. Here are some common troubleshooting techniques and commands related to network configuration issues and routing:

  1. View Routing Table: To examine the current routing table, use the ip route show command. It displays the routing table entries, including the destination network, gateway, and interface.


    $ ip route show
    default via dev eth0 proto dhcp metric 100 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src metric 100
  2. Check Network Connectivity: Use the ping command to check network connectivity to a specific destination. It sends ICMP echo requests and waits for the corresponding ICMP echo replies.


    $ ping
    PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
    64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=10.3 ms
    64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=57 time=9.50 ms
  3. Trace Route: The traceroute command helps identify the path taken by packets to reach a destination. It displays a list of intermediate routers (hops) and their response times.


    $ traceroute
    traceroute to (, 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
        1  gateway (  2.234 ms  3.139 ms  3.342 ms
        2 (  9.578 ms  9.614 ms  9.650 ms
        3 (  18.786 ms  18.822 ms  18.858 ms
        4 (  20.905 ms  20.922 ms  20.938 ms
  4. Gateway Configuration: Verify that the default gateway configuration is correct by using the ip route show default command. It shows the default gateway IP address and associated network interface.


    $ ip route show default
    default via dev eth0 proto dhcp metric 100
  5. Routing Configuration Files: Examine the routing configuration files such as /etc/network/interfaces or /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-<interface> to ensure correct routing settings.

  6. MTR (My TraceRoute): MTR is a powerful command-line tool that combines the functionality of ping and traceroute. It provides continuous network monitoring and displays detailed statistics about packet loss, latency, and route changes.


    $ mtr
    Start: Mon May 01 12:34:56 2023
    HOST: localhost      Loss%   Snt   Last   Avg  Best  Wrst StDev
     1.|-- gateway       0.0%    10    0.1   0.2   0.1   0.3   0.0
     2.|--      0.0%    10    9.5   9.6   9.4   9.8   0.0
     3.|--   0.0%    10   18.8  18.8  18.7  18.9   0.0
     4.|--       0.0%    10   20.9  20.9  20.9  21.0   0.0
  7. Tracepath: Similar to traceroute, the tracepath command traces the path to a destination using UDP packets by default.


    $ tracepath
    1?: [LOCALHOST]                      0.090ms pmtu 1500
    1:  gateway (                      2.234ms 
    1:  gateway (                      2.114ms 
    2:                                   9.578ms 
    3:                               18.786ms 
    4:                                   20.905ms 

Tracepath uses UDP packets with incrementing TTL values to determine the route to the destination. It provides valuable information about the network path, including response times and hop counts. By analyzing the output, you can identify any routing issues or latency problems along the route.


Analyzing and troubleshooting network configuration issues related to routing is crucial for maintaining a reliable and efficient network infrastructure. By understanding routing concepts, using relevant commands, and examining network configuration files, you can identify and resolve routing problems effectively.

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