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CompTIA Linux+ XK0-005 - 4.5 - Common Problems: Name Resolution Failure

Name resolution failure occurs when the system is unable to resolve domain names to their corresponding IP addresses, resulting in network connectivity issues. In this guide, we will explore how systemd-resolved, a component of Systemd, can help diagnose and troubleshoot name resolution failures. Let's dive in.


systemd-resolved is a DNS resolver service provided by Systemd. It performs DNS name resolution and caching, allowing applications on the system to resolve domain names to IP addresses. To check the status of systemd-resolved, use the following command:

systemctl status systemd-resolved

This command will display the current status of the service, including whether it is active or inactive.

Name Resolution Failures and Troubleshooting

Name resolution failures can occur due to various reasons, such as misconfigured DNS servers, network connectivity issues, or incorrect system settings. Let's explore some troubleshooting steps to diagnose and resolve these failures.

Verify DNS Server Configuration

Ensure that the DNS server configuration is correctly set on your system. The DNS server addresses are usually specified in the /etc/resolv.conf file. Use the following command to view the contents of the file:

cat /etc/resolv.conf

Verify that the nameserver entries contain the correct IP addresses of the DNS servers.

Check Network Connectivity

Ensure that your system has a working network connection. Use the ping command, as an example, to check connectivity to a remote host:


Replace with a known reachable domain. If the ping is successful, it indicates that your network connection is active.

Restart Systemd-Resolved Service

Sometimes restarting the systemd-resolved service can resolve name resolution failures. Use the following command to restart the service:

sudo systemctl restart systemd-resolved

After restarting, check if the name resolution issue is resolved.

Flush DNS Caches

DNS caches can sometimes become stale and cause name resolution problems. Flushing the DNS caches can help resolve such issues. Use the following command to flush the DNS caches:

sudo systemd-resolve --flush-caches

Perform DNS Resolution Checks

You can use the systemd-resolve command to perform DNS resolution checks and verify if name resolution is working as expected. For example, to resolve the IP address for a domain, use the following command:


This command will display the resolved IP address for the domain.

Inspect Systemd-Resolved Logs

Check the logs of systemd-resolved for any error messages or indications of name resolution failures. The logs can provide valuable insights into the underlying issue. Use the following command to view the logs:

journalctl -u systemd-resolved

Examine the log output for any relevant error messages or warnings.


In this guide, we explored how to diagnose and resolve name resolution failures in a Linux system using systemd-resolved. By verifying DNS server configuration, checking network connectivity, restarting the systemd-resolved service, flushing DNS caches, performing DNS resolution checks, and inspecting logs, you can effectively troubleshoot name resolution issues.

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