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CompTIA Linux+ XK0-005 - 1.1 - Listing Hardware Information

In the Comptia Linux+ exam, it is crucial to be able to gather information about the hardware components of a Linux system. This knowledge allows you to diagnose hardware issues, identify device drivers, and ensure compatibility with the operating system. Here, we will explore the commonly used commands to list hardware information in Linux.


The lspci command is used to list the PCI devices connected to the system. PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) is a standard bus for connecting hardware devices to the computer's motherboard. Running lspci without any options displays a detailed list of all PCI devices, including information about the device's class, vendor, and device ID.

# List PCI devices
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 8th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers (rev 0a)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor PCIe Controller (x16) (rev 0a)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation UHD Graphics 630 (Desktop)

To filter the output and display specific information, you can use various options with lspci. For example, to show only the network-related PCI devices, you can use the -k option:

# List network-related PCI devices
lspci -k | grep -i network

By using lspci, you can identify the hardware components connected via the PCI bus and gather important information about them.


The lsusb command provides information about USB (Universal Serial Bus) devices connected to the system. USB is a common interface used for connecting peripherals like keyboards, mice, printers, and external storage devices to the computer. Running lsusb without any options displays a list of all connected USB devices.

# List USB devices
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 046d:c534 Logitech, Inc. Unifying Receiver
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 8087:0a2b Intel Corp. Bluetooth wireless interface

Similar to lspci, you can use different options with lsusb to filter and customize the output. For example, to show detailed information about a specific USB device, you can use the -v option followed by the device's bus and address:

# Show detailed information about a USB device
# lsusb -v -s <bus>:<address>
lsusb -v -s 002:001

Using lsusb, you can easily identify the connected USB devices and gather information about their vendor, product IDs, and other relevant details.


The dmidecode command provides detailed information about the system's hardware components, as stored in the DMI (Desktop Management Interface) tables. The DMI tables contain information about the system's BIOS, motherboard, CPU, memory, and other hardware components. Running dmidecode without any options displays a comprehensive output of the system's hardware details.

# Display hardware information
Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 26 bytes
BIOS Information:
    Vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
    Version: 1.2.3
    Release Date: 12/15/2022
Handle 0x0100, DMI type 1, 27 bytes
System Information:
    Manufacturer: Dell Inc.
    Product Name: Latitude 7400
    Version: 12345

To extract specific information from the DMI tables, you can use various options with dmidecode. For instance, to view only the information related to the system's BIOS, you can use the -t option followed by the table type:

# Show BIOS information
dmidecode -t bios

dmidecode provides a wealth of hardware information, allowing you to understand the system's configuration, BIOS version, memory details, and much more.


By utilizing commands such as lspci, lsusb, and dmidecode, you can effectively list and gather essential hardware information in Linux. These commands are invaluable for troubleshooting hardware-related issues, identifying device drivers, and ensuring compatibility with the operating system.

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